The occasion of Makar Sankranti festival is an important period in the agricultural cycle. For most parts of India, it is either the harvest time or the period after sowing. The festival observances and way of worships vary across the length and breadth of India. In some areas it’s a single day festival observed only on the Sankranti, while in some states, it’s a multiple day celebration. The celebrations include observances meant to thank Sun God for the good harvest and paving respect to the earth, the crops and the cattle. It is also an occasion of socializing in many parts of India. There is a tradition of preparing sweets at homes, particularly from sesame and jaggery.Kite flying is a tradition of Makar Sankranti in certain regions in India. In this modern era, it is becoming more popular and has spread to new areas. Every year, on January 14, the city of Delhi holds an annual Kite Flying Day festival.

Makar Sankranti is a day of major religious observances at various Pilgrim Centre’s in India. The day is regarded as important for spiritual practices and devotees take a dip in the holy rivers like Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Krishna and Kaveri. Also, Makar Sankranti coincides with some melas or religious fairs witnessing huge participation of devotees. The most famous of this melas is the Kumbh Mela held every 12 years at one of four holy locations, namely Haridwar, Prayag (Allahabad), Ujjain and Nashik. The Makar Sankranthi festival is celebrated by thousands of devotees during the Magh Mela (mini Kumbh Mela held annually at Prayag).

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